Garden city is an urban planning movement that began in the United Kingdom in the early 1900s through the leadership and vision of Sir Ebenezer Howard. During the surge of the industrial revolution, cities became so inhabitable that Howard thought it necessary to bring in the country to the city by developing real estate that combined residential and industrial areas with urban gardens.
Howard developed two of the first garden cities in England namely the Letchworth Garden City and the Welwyn Garden City. Both garden cities were located in the countryside of Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.
After World War II, the concept of the garden city was brought to the United States and was adopted in the urban planning schemes across the country.
Some of the most prominent and well known garden cities in the US are:
1. Residence Park in New Rochelle, New York is one of the first garden city communities developed in the United States. The well-known American city and urban planner Adrian G. Iselin developed and created New Rochelle garden city back in the 1920s. New Rochelle is well known for garden city homes for salethat are in the turn-of-the-century architectural style. Houses built in the Queen Anne, Tudor and Colonial Revival style abound in Residence Park. Despite its longevity, New Rochelle garden city has been very well maintained through the years and is considered a historic community and a popular historic site to visit in New York.
2.Woodbourne garden city in Boston was developed in 1933, making it another historic garden city community. Garden city homes for sale in Woodbourne were intended for middle class families looking to experience a utopian community fit for raising families. A feature that distinguishes Woodbourne from other garden cities is its gabled English cottages situated around a common courtyard. Also, to retain its English countryside appeal, the entire estate kept its uneven landscape and was not flattened out like most garden city development.
3.Garden City, New York dates back to 1869 when multi-millionaire Alexander Tourney Stewart decided to develop it. It is also considered a university town because it is where Adelphi University is located. As a side note, the Garden City shopping center located at the center of the community has the distinction of being the airfield that Charles Lindbergh took off from for his successful transatlantic flight in 1927.
4.Greenbelt garden city in Maryland was founded in 1935 as a public cooperative community. During the New Deal Era and the Great Depression in the United States the US government was faced with housing shortages in key industrial cities. Its response was to develop ‘green’ communities or self-sufficient towns where city dwellers, mostly government workers and white collar workers, could relocate for better living conditions. Greenbelt garden city was one of those communities and through the years it has proven itself to be a successful experiment in garden city community living. As of 2010, the population of Greenbelt city gardens in Maryland was 23,000. A clear sign that it is still a functioning and thriving community.
5.Lake Vista Neighborhood is located in the city of New Orleans in Louisiana. It sits on reclaimed land where soil from Lake Pontchartrain was dug up and constructed into a seawall giving the community its elevated landscape. It is said that because of its high elevation Lake Vista neighborhood was able to survive hurricane Katrina intact. Another good reason for looking at garden city homes for sale in Lake Vista, other than being part of a historic community, would be seeing an 18th century Old Spanish Fort which predates the founding of the community.
There are many more garden city communities in the United States that have through the years turned into prime real estate property on account of its residents who ensured that their communities lived up to the objective of garden cities. Today, it is likely that garden city homes for sale are available anywhere in the US for anyone interested in purchasing real estate in these garden city communities.